SANDHIGATHA VATA (Osteoarthritis)
Ayurveda according to the basic principles a human body is composed of humors though the number of humors is still a controversy. The three humors mentioned in ayurvedic classics are vata, pitta and kapha. Any act that is not adjuvant to the Kaalam (time), Deham (physical body), Balam (strength) and Rithu (season) can bring about any ailment. Vyana vata dosha, one of the five types of vata dosha (dosha of air and empty space) governs the entire body and mind movements, that involves blood flow, heart pulsation, breathing and the thoughts in mind. The vitiation of this type of vata causes rheumatism. Osteoarthritis is essentially a vata disorder, with the involvement of pitta and Kapha doshas.
Vata has a Rookshatva (dryness) and Laghutva (lightness) as attributes and the doshas vitiation leads to imbalance of the Kapha dosha depleting the synovial fluid, that provides cushion and lubrication to the joints. This depletion leads to osteoarthritis in which the cartilage in the joints wears away causing friction, causing pain and limited joint mobility. That affects the large weight-bearing joints, like the hips and knees.
Causes for Sandhigatha Vata:
· Katinya (hardness) is considered to be a chief property of the bone. Calcium is that which enhances the hardness to it. So a diet with less calcium supplement can cause this ailment. Consuming dry, cold, fried oily or stale food, caffeine, red meat, excess salt, chocolates.
· A few habits which are not noticed like not regular in sleeping habits, suppressing natural urges, getting exposed to a severe cold and dry weather and excessive travel all this adds up to causes to the disorder in a long run.
· Alcohol consumption in excess depletes the body of vitamins and minerals leads to deficiency of calcium even if were are taking it in our diets aggravating the vata dosha.
· Life style : A main cause to the osteoarthritis is sedentary lifestyle, fast foods, high heels shoes long distance running, but all goes unnoticed in this instantaneous era. Mostly goes unnoticed as they are micro traumatic.
· Congenital: Deformities like unequal bone length, miss alignments, joint shape, and bone mineral density.
· Gender: A prime constitutional susceptibility; women are more prone to get this disorder than men because after menopause the hormonal state in a women augments to increase the risk factor.
· Post traumatic : Incidents like accidents, fall, and hit. Generally trauma can be divided into macro trauma and micro trauma. Macro trauma are for examples like fracture and micro trauma are noticed later as they are noticeable when they are more chronic .